“Pendapatan Kasar” translates to “gross income” in English. It refers to the total amount of income earned by an individual or a company before any deductions such as taxes and other withholdings are made.
In terms of salary, “gaji kasar” or gross salary includes the basic salary plus allowances, without any deductions.
How to Calculate Pendapatan Kasar
The formula for gross salary in the salary context is expressed as: Gaji Kasar = Gaji Pokok (basic salary) + Elaun (allowances).
In short, the term “Pendapatan Kasar” typically refers to gross income or total income before any deductions such as taxes or other withholdings.
However, when it comes to government aid or “bantuan” like Sumbangan Tunai Rahmah (STR), it could refer to the household income which might be a factor in determining the eligibility for such aids.
- In the case of STR 2024, the rate of aid provided depends on the eligibility based on household income. For instance, households with an income of RM2,500 and below are eligible for different amounts based on the number of children they have. The aid amounts range from RM1,000 to RM2,500 depending on the number of children in the household.
- For another aid program, Sumbangan Asas Rahmah (SARA) 2024, eligibility in the previous year (2023) was contingent upon a few factors including being listed as a severe poverty household (Miskin Tegar) in the eKasih data record, where the household income must not exceed a certain threshold (PGK Miskin Tegar RM1,169).
These references suggest that “Pendapatan Kasar” or gross income, particularly the household income, is a significant factor in determining eligibility for government aid programs like Sumbangan Tunai Rahmah and others. The specific income thresholds and other eligibility criteria might vary between different aid programs and may also change over time as government policies and budgets are updated.
Pendapatan Kasar in Business Context
In a business context, “pendapatan kasar perniagaan” refers to the receipts or payments received from transactions involving the sale of trading stock or the provision of services.
There are also variations of the term used in different contexts, such as “Pendapatan Negara Kasar” translating to “Gross National Income” and “Pendapatan Kasar Isi Rumah” translating to “household gross monthly income”.
What is Pendapatan Bersih?
“Pendapatan Bersih” translates to “net income” in English. It is not the same with Pendapatan Kasar.Pendatapan Bersih refers to the amount of income that remains after all deductions have been taken into account. These deductions can include taxes, operating expenses, cost of goods sold, interest, depreciation, and other expenses. The formula to calculate net income is typically expressed as:
Net Income = Gross Income – Total Deductions
In personal finance, net income refers to an individual’s income after taxes and other deductions have been subtracted from the gross income. In the context of a business, net income refers to a company’s profit after all expenses, including taxes, have been paid. This figure is often considered a good indicator of a company’s profitability over a given period of time.
In a broader context, “Pendapatan Bersih” or net income, can also be used in different financial statements. It is important for both individuals and businesses to track and manage their financial health.